Outcomes Measurement and Management: Towards a Common Language for Functioning and Disablement: ICIDH-2 (The International Classification of Impairments, Activities, and Participation) In 1980, the World Health Organization (WHO) published the first trial version of the International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicaps (ICIDH) as a tool for the classification of the “consequences of disease.” Since classifications of diseases fail to capture the variety of experiences of people with health problems, ... Article
Article  |   October 01, 1998
Outcomes Measurement and Management: Towards a Common Language for Functioning and Disablement: ICIDH-2 (The International Classification of Impairments, Activities, and Participation)
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jane B. Lux
    World Health OrganizationGeneva, Switzerland
  • Editor: Carol Frattali
    Editor: Carol Frattali×
Article Information
Professional Issues & Training / Outcomes Measurement and Management
Article   |   October 01, 1998
Outcomes Measurement and Management: Towards a Common Language for Functioning and Disablement: ICIDH-2 (The International Classification of Impairments, Activities, and Participation)
SIG 11 Perspectives on Administration and Supervision, October 1998, Vol. 8, 7-8. doi:10.1044/aas8.2.7
SIG 11 Perspectives on Administration and Supervision, October 1998, Vol. 8, 7-8. doi:10.1044/aas8.2.7
In 1980, the World Health Organization (WHO) published the first trial version of the International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicaps (ICIDH) as a tool for the classification of the “consequences of disease.” Since classifications of diseases fail to capture the variety of experiences of people with health problems, the ICIDH was designed to fill that gap.
After 2 decades of use, it has become clear that the classification requires revision in light of changes in health care and a new social understanding of disability. In accordance with the WHO mandate to develop a global common language in the field of health—broadly understood to include physical, mental, and social well-being, WHO is now revising the ICIDH by a process of wide consultation to reach an international consensus. The new version (Beta-1 draft), known as the ICIDH-2 or International Classification of Impairments, Activities and Participation, is now being field tested.
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